Music Industry Responding (slowly) to Pricing Issues

Wednesday, December 29, 2004 | 10:45 AM

Just about a year ago, we discussed the music industry’s intent to “decommoditize their products." The problem with that strategy is that their products are essentially commodities, and should therefore become vulnerable to low cost retailers. That process has actually begun sometime ago, with Wal-Mart and Target responsible for an ever growing percentage of CD sales.

But the industry’s reluctance to actually compete for sales on anything but price -- to refuse to recognize they merely sell a commodity product -- has dampened overall sales. (Basic economics tells us that lower prices = higher sales).

Since then, I’ve become convinced that the lack of competitive pricing -- both within music, as well as vis-a-vis other forms of entertainment -- has been in large part responsible for the declining CD sales. The price fixing scandal gets some credit for this -- though the roots of the problem go much, much deeper than that. The RIAA can blame P2P all they want, but the smart money knows there's more to this story than meets the eye.

So it was with great interest that I read of a new tack the industry is now trying: Offering both “stripped-down or fully loaded” CDs:

“While the major record companies continue to discount new releases or even slash prices to try to counter file-sharing and widespread CD burning, some music executives are quietly trying to expand the top end of the market. The average retail price of an album slid 4 percent in the third quarter to $12.95 - a new low, according to NPD Group, a research company. Yet some labels are pushing tricked-out versions of big titles that carry their highest prices ever.

There's a basic business logic behind the move to test the upper limit, executives say. If labels must cut prices and sacrifice profits on the mass market, they must try to cover the difference by targeting niches of hard core fans who are willing to shoulder higher prices for their favorite acts. “

This makes sense, given a study by the Handleman Company. They discoverd that less than 1/4 of all music buyers are responsible for 62 percent of album sales, buying a CD per month.   

To appeal to these hardcores, Labels have begun putting out “Deluxe” editions of CDs:

Green Day's "American Idiot" can be had for $10 for a "POD" (plain old CD) -- or for 150% more ($25), you get the premuim package, including a 52-page hardcover book.

• For $24, Metallica’s "Some Kind of Monster" includes a band t-shirt.   

Eminem's Encore album will set you back $27, but you get 25 glossy photos plus bonus Internet access to Eminem cellphone ringtones.

U2's "How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb" will cost you $10 (or less) for the disc, or $32 for the "collector's edition" including DVD and 50-page hardcover book (Priced inbetween is a CD/DVD w/o book.)

Celine Dion's "Miracle," is $14, or for CD; For $27, you can get the 60 page Anne Geddes photo;

We previously discussed the dual disc DVD/CD phenomenon. Tomorrow, we’ll take a look at how the CD side of the industry may not realize it yet, but they are in the process of morphing into the DVD industry . . .


$10 for a Plain CD or $32 With the Extras
Jeff Leeds
NYT, December 27, 2004

Wednesday, December 29, 2004 | 10:45 AM | Permalink | Comments (6) | TrackBack (1) add to | digg digg this! | technorati add to technorati | email email this post



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» The Big Picture on CD sales from BusinessBits
A recent post by The Big Picture gives a comprehensive overview of the recording industry's response to becoming commoditized. Where do you find the highest margins? Duh, the hardcore listeners. The same ideas are supported by Seth Godin's post about... [Read More]

Tracked on Dec 29, 2004 2:38:54 PM


This from Sydney Morning Herald, 30 January 2004:
"A former in-house lawyer for the Australian Recording Industry Association, Alex Malik, conducted the research as part of his PhD into music copyright enforcement. He argues that internet file-sharing is not to blame for falling music sales, but reduced musical choices." See:
(may require free registration)

Posted by: john brown | Dec 29, 2004 5:55:01 PM

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