NFP Day (plus, ADP update)

Friday, March 09, 2007 | 06:45 AM

*Sigh*  Another month, another Jobs number.

My thinking about all aspects of this monthly exercise has evolved. I have gone from regularly taking "The Under"  -- a winning bet until we retired it -- to  something more philosophical (dare I say "profound?"). We have come to recognize that the initial release of the NFP data by BLS is a number subject to such significant revisions that it is not of use to investors; Traders can play for a rally or a fade by identifying when Job sentiment in either direction gets excessive.

I used to be surprised/dumfounded/shocked by the initial reads. Now, I merely shrug and acknowledge that the hard number is of little value. The relative performance to prior cycles, and the overall trend (acceleration/deceleration) is all that matters.

The data from both BLS and ADP is not consistent with a strong economy. Remember, it takes about 150k per month to merely keep up with population growth -- in other words, 150k new jobs per month is zero job growth as a percentage relative of total population and the labor pool. We were adding 250k-300k per month in the 90s, and even just two years ago when the housing boom was in full swing the numbers were in the 175-225k. 

So where are we? As the chart below shows, this remains one of the weakest post-recession job creation cycles in the post war era. And as we have seen over the past few quarters, even that modest pace of job creation is now decelerating. Following the ADP report (more on that below), there is very little expectation of much strength. That makes for several potential surprise outcomes (you can do the math yourselves).


Chart Courtesy Spencer England Equity Review (SEER)

Back to NFP: With ADP showing job gains of only 57,000 (the lowest since July 2003), and job growth revised down to 121K  last month, the consensus for NFP of 95K might even be high. The trend is decelerating job growth as the economy slows.


Back in January of this year, I gave a quasi-mea culpa about the ADP Report:

"Note: I used to mock the ADP data as being so awful, but since the big BLS revision, ADP turned out to be more accurate than originally appeared. While the jury is still out, I am trying to remain open-minded about their analysis;"

The original ADP data appeared to be wildly off from BLS.  ADP's accuracy rate improved significantly., once BLS did their revisions. One can hope that the competitive pressure from ADP might spur BLS to become more accurate in their earlier releases. So I am grudgingly moving towards giving them a small bump up in credibility.

I still retain my criticism that ADP is not a neutral observer. Indeed, I retain my grave reservations about the entire trend towards non-government, non-academic entities with a vested interest in a particular outcome releasing these Econ data as a form or marketing/PR. ADP is but one in a series of private firms/associations that do this, including NAR, ATA, NAHB, ICSC, etc.  And while much of the data is worthwhile and helpful, some of the bad apples -- especially those potentially interested party in the outcome -- do spoil the entire bushel. (I can show you many ways the NAR data gets gamed).

Back to ADP:  According to a spokesperson for the firm, they have been working to improve their process:

* Quadrupling the size of the sample from the average historical sample size
* Improved outlier detection
* Enhanced seasonal adjustment procedures
* Reporting of industry and firm-size data

As I told them, I am retaining an open mind -- more out of frustration with BLS than anything. There is a definite space in the market for better NFP data, and if ADP keeps improving their methodlogy, they might shake up BLS a bit.

UPDATE: March 9, 2007 2:55pm

Just a statistical correction to note: The Birth Death adjustment goes into the total employment count, not just the monthly totals -- do not assume that 118k was tacked on to February, or 175k was subtracted from January monthly changes -- I believe these guesstimates are incorporated into the entire Employment total (i.e., 144.6 million), then the monthly numbers are deduced.

Yes, its somewhat fictional, and creates an inherent bias in the overall model, but its not like they are merely tacking on 100k per month . . .

Friday, March 09, 2007 | 06:45 AM | Permalink | Comments (34) | TrackBack (1) add to | digg digg this! | technorati add to technorati | email email this post



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Tracked on Mar 9, 2007 8:21:38 AM


Today is the most important data point of the week, by way of Non Farm payrolls, now expected to rise 95K following last month's 111K rise. If inline, the number would show the slowest rate of job growth in two years, and would be just about half of the average job growth during 2006. As well, it is well below the amount of jobs necessary just to keep up with the growth in the labor force. The report comes on the heels of the ADP report which showed growth of 57K private sector jobs, as well as an increasing level of jobless claims. Assuming 25Kish Gov't jobs were created, the risk appears to be to the downside in the employment number. But as I've said throughout the week, the number is subject to wild revisions and thus, in practical terms, it's rendered useless for the most part. Avg hourly earnings exp to rise .3%. Also at 8:30 is the Trade Balance, exp to fall to -$59.8B from -$61.2B.

Posted by: Dan | Mar 9, 2007 7:50:32 AM

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